Automation is generally a designation of human control function which controls the technical equipment and which deals with the mechatronics and computers. It is actually the use of control systems and information technologies cutting off the need for human intervention. This goes with the principles of automation control, mechanization, continuous process, rationalization. These two sided technical assessments like the mechatronics and computers are mostly used in the airplanes, modern factories etc. where some are completed automated and some are partially automated.

RPA technology is one among the automation’s used now, this kind of automation’s interact with the website and the applications using now. It only mimics the tasks of the specified thing but also even contains some chic business strategies to directly interact the other systems. Some shared devices or the applications which completely rely on human labor which processes many other benefits as how this technology on how it actually processes the functionalities with the other technology. RPA technology involves many other requirements in which it increases the productivity and many other revenue growth with profits.

Why do we use Automation:

As told earlier in the above sentence these are used for most of the industrial works. This automation testing is more preferably continued in the factories and the industrial works to increase the test coverage.

It completely refers to the use of computers and some other automated machinery for the final output to be declared. It mostly differs between the automation of single operation or with the entire whole factory. The first most reason the automation now a days is with the high productivity and a low operational variability.

Different types of automation provides benefits to many other companies which even includes the decreased amount part cycle time, more number of quality products, and increased worker safety. From the point of a business scenario this helps with the social considerations such as reduce in the production time, cost reduction, eliminating some of the human error, flexibility.

Types of Automation:

Different types of automation are most preferably or widely used in different industries, in which few of them were used in many areas are-

  • Numerically Controlled Machines (NCM)- these are programmed versions where the execution is done in the sequence, these utilizes the computers to store first and then calculate the average and finally executing the operations. Example for this automation is the CNC (computerized numerical controlled) mill.
  • Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMS)- these combines with the above machines industrial automation and the industrial automation into one automation. And will still the capability of maintaining the parts and changing it with the processes.
  • Robots- these automated equipment executes many other tasks which will normally handle the human operative. As we know these robots are useful for handling the range of tasks which includes the assembly, welding, loading or unloading the hazardous materials, inspection and testing, which finally ends up finishing up the complete operations. Environments that prove to be dangerous for human workers are suitable for the industrial robots.
  • Flexible Automation (FA)- This is a complete extension of the programmable automation which is capable of variety of parts with virtually no time lost. When this is programmed there is no lost production time

Which even alters the physical set up. This gives a wide range in continuous production of variable mixtures of product and even flexible with the product design variation to deal with.

Robotic Automation:

Robotic process automation is a most evolving form of technology which completely figures on the conception of software robots. Robotic automation quickly gains a structural impact of competitive forwardness. Whether it is used to create a virtual office or IT infrastructure, or any type of work that is definable, repeatable, and mostly which tramps the efficiency and mostly which improves data assets from advanced analytics, and causes a dramatic uptick in operational speed and even with the high performance. Other than having a close picture on these required process designs which are firmly associated with the IT revolution, some software tools used in RPA can be able to perform the basic processes by interacting with the applications of user interface and even making some decisions. Coming to the benefits which does not involves finance as this robot based devices are designed completely to make or predict less disposed to errors which may compare with the human process. This robot workforce can typically be arrayed in a count of weeks.

Pros and Cons:

Automation are mainly used in the industrial researches, especially the robots are use dint he mining resulting in the less waste. On environmental protection – from oil spill cleanup to the forest firefighting which relies on various forms of automation. This is a huge win for the businesses since automated systems are much cheaper than employing a human to do the process. It is also great repetitive tasks that are the tedious and painful to perform the individuals. Reduces the human error and even reduction in the employee numbers.

Unemployment often results when machines do the work that people can do where increase in the demand for these types of energies can run the machines consumes the additional resources and even later produces more of the environmental pollution. Reduced tax stream for the government, these govt. losses tax revenue on robots and automated computer programs because they don’t pay taxes. Technology limits: Current technology is unable to automate all the desired tasks. It complexity- most automation will require some familiarity with the technology or the hiring of technical assistance during implementation. Each new automation requires a QA (quality assurance) process, which takes varying degrees of effort and time.


Automation has been responsible for the shift in the world economy from the agrarian to the industrial in the 19th century and from the industrial to services in the 20th century. Automation can generate explosive growth with the technology relating to the new inflection points in a very   if growth of Nano scale and nanotechnology assembling systems. New software applications will be in wireless sensors and distributed peer to peer networks with the tiny   operating systems in the wireless sensor modes and the software that allows nodes to communicate with each other as a larger complex adaptive system which is a wave of the future.